Active surveillance

If prostate cancer treatment is recommended, consider getting a second opinion. It’s important to learn the facts.

Because prostate cancer is a slow-growing cancer, it’s typically treatable and may not require treatment. Take the time to learn your category of risk, and talk with your oncologist about your options. When it comes to prostate cancer, there are many factors to consider — elevated PSA (prostate-specific antigen), Gleason score, age, stage of cancer and more.

If detected early, immediate treatment may be unnecessary. Depending on your situation, active surveillance may be the best choice. Studies show that some men treated for prostate cancer in the past would have benefited from active surveillance, which is not the same as doing nothing.

With active surveillance, you can get a clearer picture of how active the cancer is and whether treatment is needed. It gives you time to talk to specialists, such as surgeons and a radiology oncologists, and review information available through reputable online websites, such as the American Cancer Society and the National Cancer Institute.